**Klinger Oscillator: Definition, Importance, How It Works, And How To Trade**

Volume, an essential element of financial markets, affects the price movements of all kinds of financial assets. In this context, for investors and short-term traders, it is extremely important to determine how volume affects price movements. The Klinger Oscillator, first designed in 1977, allows traders to more easily calculate the relationship between volume and price, and can provide assurance about various aspects of their trades, such as the direction of the trend. You can find all the details about the definition of the Klinger Oscillator, its importance, how it works, calculations, and how it can be used in your trading strategies through this guide we have prepared for you!

**What Is The Klinger Oscillator?**

First designed by Stephen Klinger in 1977, the Klinger Oscillator is a volume-based indicator used in financial markets to determine the direction of the trend and potential reversals in the markets. The Klinger Oscillator examines the relationship between price movements and volume. In this context, the volume shows how much a particular financial asset is traded in a unit of time.

In addition to showing trend directions, the Klinger Oscillator can also be used as a supportive indicator. Nowadays, the Klinger Oscillator acts as a way to confirm a breakout or breakdown when price movements such as trend movements, price channels, and triangle breakouts can change the current trend.

On the other hand, although Klinger Oscillator is a very important indicator that combines volume values with price movements, given that crossovers of price movements to certain regions occur very frequently, it is recommended to examine Klinger Oscillator in conjunction with various other indicators such as Stochastic Oscillator to make a definitive judgment as to whether the conclusions of Klinger Oscillator is precise or not.

**What Is The Importance Of The Klinger Oscillator?**

Volume is considered by many traders and technical analysts to be the most important factor in price movements. It is a known fact that high-volume breakouts on ongoing trends are considered more valid in this sense. As a purely volume-based indicator, the Klinger Oscillator can provide traders with a broad perspective and insight into how price movements and the current trend are changing.

The fact that the Klinger Oscillator works in conjunction with volume can also help to eliminate confusing factors such as the volatility inherent in financial markets and allow traders to react only to actual price movements in their decision-making process.

**How Does A Klinger Oscillator Work?**

The functioning of the Klinger oscillator, like many other oscillators, is based on exponential moving averages (EMA), a statistical calculation used to analyze historical data points.

The Klinger Oscillator uses the EMA to measure the price and volume points detected. In scenarios where an EMA for shorter periods is above the EMAs for longer periods, it can be interpreted that the relevant financial asset is in an uptrend. On the other hand, when a short-term EMA is below a longer-term EMA, the financial asset is expected to be in a downtrend. In the use of EMAs, the determination of short and long periods is based on the number of days averaged. In this context, the 34-day EMA indicates a short-term period, while the 55-day EMA indicates a long-term interval.

**What Is The Formula Of The Klinger Oscillator?**

The Klinger oscillator is an indicator used by combining many different financial data and its formula can be shown in the figures below:

KO = EMA(Vol x EMA(|Price Change|), n1) – EMA(Vol x EMA(|Price Change|), n2)

The values on the above formula can be summarized as follows.

KO: Klinger Oscillator

Vol: Volume

|Price Change|: Absolute Price Change

EMA: Exponential Moving Average

n1: Short-term EMA day value used

n2: Long-term EMA day value used

The calculation of the above formula to display the results of the Klinger oscillator reveals volume-based price movements over two different periods, denoted by “n”.

**How To Trade With The Klinger Oscillator?**

Through the results obtained from the Klinger oscillator, investors can make various investment decisions or diversify their existing investments, such as risk management and portfolio allocation. For the investment decisions to be made, the interpretation of the Klinger oscillator should be examined first.

The **Signal Line** is one of the most important elements for investors who want to use the Klinger oscillator in their trading decisions. Although the default short-term day count for the EMA used on the oscillator is 34 and the long-term day count is 55, the signal line, which is based only on the 13-day moving average, is also used to trigger buy and sell signals.

In addition, the Klinger Oscillator can be used to test for divergences when technical indicators are not working correctly. In this context, a divergence is a moment when the indicator data and price movements move in inverse proportion. For example, a bullish sign for investors and short-term traders is when the price movements of the financial asset of interest are bearish, but the indicator is bullish.

In addition to this, it can be inferred that an uptrend is strengthening at the points where the lines on the oscillator cross above zero, expressed as a zero-line crossover, and this can be considered a buy signal. On the other hand, in a downward momentum, when the oscillator crosses below zero, a downtrend is predicted to strengthen.

**What Is The History Of The Klinger Oscillator?**

The Klinger oscillator was developed by Stephen J. Klinger, a technical analyst and trader, in the early 1990s. First introduced in 1977 in Klinger’s book Technical Analysis for the Trading Professional, this oscillator played a role in helping traders identify the correct entry and exit points for potential trend changes. Klinger believed that volume values were an essential part of technical analysis, and the relationship between trend and volume movements led him to create a volume-based indicator, now known as the Klinger Oscillator. Today, using the Klinger Oscillator, which incorporates volume, money flow, and crossover signals, traders and investors can identify optimal entry and exit points and diversify their trading strategies.

**What Differentiates Klinger Oscillator From Other Volume Oscillators?**

One of the main factors that distinguishes the Klinger oscillator from other volume oscillators is the emphasis on absolute price changes rather than standard price changes. Since the Klinger Oscillator is based on the relationship between the volumes of two different moving average data and absolute price changes, it produces results with less margin for error than other oscillators. Absolute price changes are used in the calculation of the oscillator to avoid any distortion caused by averaging by making sure that the numbers used in the oscillator’s calculation are positive.

Although other indicators such as the Chaikin Oscillator, On Balance Volume, and Volume Oscillator also examine volume flows on financial assets, none of them incorporate price movements into their analysis in the way that the Klinger Oscillator does. Examining two different factors, volume, and price, can reveal the relationship between the two and help investors in their trading decisions.

**How To Calculate The Klinger Oscillator?**

The calculation processes used when using the Klinger oscillator can be listed as follows.

- The typical price is determined by taking the average of the highest price, lowest price, and closing prices during the day.
- Daily Volume Force (DVF), which is the multiplication of the trading volume of the day and the change in the typical price compared to the previous day, is calculated to determine the effect of volume on price movements.
- Two exponential moving averages, short-term and long-term, are applied to filter out unnecessary details in the daily trading data.
- At the last stage, the long-term EMA ratio is subtracted from the long short-term EMA ratio as indicated in the formula. The result indicates potential reversals in the trend.

**What Are The Settings For The Klinger Oscillator?**

The most commonly used values in the Klinger oscillator are expressed as the 34-day exponential moving average minus the 55-day exponential moving average. However, although these numbers are very common, various modifications can be applied from time to time.

Another moving average interval most commonly used in the Klinger oscillator is 13 days. The 13-day EMA provides traders with many opportunities by generating signals much faster compared to other timeframes. However, it is important to note that the 13-day EMA only capitalizes on short-term money flows and volumes. As the number of days gets shorter, the Klinger Oscillator’s data may deviate due to temporary volatility.

**Which Trading Strategies Work Best With Klinger Oscillator?**

Despite being a very comprehensive indicator and differentiated from other volume-based oscillators, the Klinger oscillator also provides the most accurate results when used in combination with other indicators and trading strategies. At this stage, the importance of swing trading, momentum, and breakout strategies that support the results of the Klinger oscillator comes to the fore.

The results obtained from the Klinger Oscillator regarding the trend direction can be supported by the most well-known indicators such as RSI and MACD, which provide very detailed information about the market momentum. For example, when the bullish data obtained from the Klinger oscillator coincides with the bullish values of the RSI and MACD, it can be a serious buy signal for investors.

**What Are The Limitations Of Klinger Oscillator?**

It is not always possible for investors and short-term traders to perform the correct filtering, especially since crossovers in the signal lines, known as short-time frames, can occur very frequently. Failure to detect signals that are not suitable for trading due to various deviations caused by momentary price movements and high volatility can sometimes pose a problem for traders.

On the other hand, the use of EMAs in its calculation may cause the Klinger Oscillator not to adapt directly to instant market movements. In such cases, the results obtained through the Klinger oscillator may be delayed.

In addition, even though the Klinger Oscillator analyzes essential market metrics such as volume and price, problems such as generating false signals from various price movements can sometimes occur with the Klinger Oscillator. To minimize such situations, traders are advised to integrate other indicators into their trading strategies and not rely solely on the Klinger Oscillator.

**FAQ**

**How do I know if the results from the Klinger Oscillator are correct?**

By comparing the results from the Klinger Oscillator with other technical indicators, you can confirm existing trends and minimize your risks.

**Can short-term traders also benefit from the Klinger Oscillator?**

Yes. Although very short-term studies pose more risk due to volatility and market dynamics, the use of EMA data such as the 13-day signal line in the Klinger Oscillator can benefit short-term trading.

**Can the Klinger Oscillator be used in all types of trading?**

Yes. The Klinger Oscillator can be used on any volume-price correlated financial asset such as stocks, cryptocurrencies, indices, and commodities.

*Disclaimer*

*Disclaimer*

*Eurotrader doesn’t represent that the material provided here is accurate, current, or complete, and therefore shouldn’t be relied upon as such. The information provided here, whether from a third party or not, isn’t to be considered as a recommendation; or an offer to buy or sell; or the solicitation of an offer to buy or sell any security, financial product, or instrument; or to participate in any particular trading strategy. We advise any readers of this content to seek their advice.*